METHODS AND STYLES OF FILM DIRECTION

Film-making is the process or medium of storytelling in the form of visual images supported by sounds (dialogues and music). It is totally teamwork where experts from various techniques come together as a team to make a story narrative. The captain of this ship is the DIRECTOR.

A director like his own personality or individuality has his own way of bringing forth his narrative on screen which can be understood by the fact that no two people can make exactly the same film with the same story! Period. It is because every director has his own way of imagination and creativity to mold the story in a chain of scenes to make a continuous visual narrative. Each Director has his own way of bringing forth the film.

There are many different starting points for telling a story visually. One can start with an idea, a causality (otherwise known as the plot), a character, or even with a location and its properties. Hence there are directors who put more effort on the storyline, on the musicality of the storytelling process (ie, editing, with its inherent rhythm) or on the striking audio-visual imagery. There are many directors who pitch primarily on their actors’ name and capabilities. Their films depend on the start cast. And there are a few directors who see cinema as an organic art where each of these individual elements fit into an effective design to complement one another. In the end, there are almost as many theories guiding a film production as the number of directors.

STYLES
Apart from the methodical perspective, a director also has a unique way of being known as a director, on basis of his films and his Style. A director well known for his work or greatly appreciated by the masses has a signature style of his narrative which tells a lot about him and his vision. For example, Alfred Hitchcock in known for his thrillers and suspense movies, Steven Spielberg for his war and Science Fiction films, Wolfgang Peterson for his action flicks, Francis Ford Copolla for his Drama , Martin Scorsese for his concepts of guilt and redemption, machismo, modern crime, and violence, Woody Allen for his drama and slapstick comedy.

In India we had V.Shantaram for his social concepts, Shakti Samanta for his romantic films, Raj Kapoor for his intense love stories, Manmohan Desai for his Family reunion cum action, Ramesh Sippy for his intense relationship conflict cum action, Yash Chopra for his films portraying great personal conflict and romantic in recent times, Subhash Ghai for his action and musical, Sanjay Leela Bhansali for his dark (controversial) intense love stories and Ram Gopal Varma for his Mafia genre, Mahesh Bhatt for his romantic and Prakash Jha for his social concepts.

When one chooses to be a film maker he needs to have a clear vision of what he intends to do as it’s a great responsibility towards the society and the audience which will be reacting to it. There has to be a social messaging, a connectivity and entertainment at the same time. It is an experience we undergo while watching a film and it might impact in the long run. This art is much more beyond than business, money, fame and recognition which are all secondary.

The primary OBJECTIVE is contention, satisfaction in the ability to bring the thought in the form of a full length running narrative. If this is followed the ethics will remain intact. Else we all would flow blindfolded in the heavy current of business and money making habit and destroy the essence of the feel and the spirit of this pure and the most touching art of storytelling.

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